Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Raynaud’s Syndrome and POTS

Winter is in full swing, and for those of us with Raynaud’s disease, that means frozen hands and feet. It seems that there are quite a few of us out there that have coexisting POTS and Raynaud’s syndrome. A few articles have found a link between autonomic dysfunction and Raynaud’s disease, but I haven’t been able to find much out there about how commonly they are seen together. I know many people who have both, however, so I thought I’d post about it. And, of course, none of this is a substitute for medical advice so be sure to contact a doctor if you are having any problems.

For those of you lucky enough not to know what it is, Raynaud’s is a phenomenon in which the small blood vessels of the hands, feet, and or tip of the nose “overreact” to cold temperatures and cause excessive narrowing and therefore restriction of the blood flow. This can then cause the extremity to become 1) white due to lack of blood flow, then 2) blue due to cyanosis (lack of oxygen in the blood in that area), then 3) red when the blood flow returns. It is an uncomfortable problem that causes numbness to the area, and pain and tingling when rewarmed (kind of like when your toes get too cold in the snow and it hurts to rewarm them). Raynaud’s can be primary (due to unknown causes) or secondary to other diseases (such as lupus, RA, scleroderma, carpal tunnel syndrome and others) and may be autoimmune in nature.

Much of the time, Raynaud’s is an annoyance without too much of a long term problem; however, if you are unlucky enough to have Raynaud’s and POTS together, you also have the problem of (usually) being put on beta blockers, which almost always make the problem of constriction of those blood vessels much, much worse. I had mild Raynaud’s prior to POTS, but after taking beta blockers to help with POTS, my Raynaud’s has become quite severe, especially in my toes. I was off of the beta blockers for a while, and it seems that my Raynaud’s is still pretty bad without them now, but much worse on them. Because my toes are so sensitive to any temperature change, I have to wear wool socks all year round, yes including summer (!) because otherwise the blood flow to my toes completely stops and is slow to return so I run the risk of developing ulcers without warming and massaging the blood back into the area. Here’s an example of my toes in the middle of the summer at the beach (ie it’s like 90 degrees out):
20100614_084_thumb[4]
Looks pretty, doesn’t it? Usually it’s much more severe, but at least I can give you an example of what it looks like (this is the best picture I’ve been able to get of it).

What helps?
  • Keeping warm: Unfortunately, many of us need to wear gloves and wool socks to keep warm enough to keep from triggering an “attack”. As I mentioned above, I wear wool socks 365 days a year to prevent the very unpleasant attacks. It can also be helpful during the winter to keep toe warming packets on hand in case of severe attacks (I keep them in my purse). I also purchased a paraffin bath a few years ago, and that can be nice because it is warm and sort of “cocoons” your hand or foot to keep it warm (I’ve never used it during an acute attack though, just with mildly cold hands or feet, and the container is kind of big, and you have to keep it heated for the wax to stay liquid). I also always wear socks to bed, and have even worn thin gloves to bed when I’m really having flare ups.
  • Reduce stress: stress has been linked to an increased frequency of attacks
  • Avoid smoking- it’s been linked to an increase in constriction of vessels, therefore an increase in attacks
  • Reduce caffeine (I have to admit, I haven’t been able to try this one because I love my morning coffee!) as it has also been linked to increased vasoconstriction
  • Some drugs can worsen Raynaud’s, such as beta blockers, some migraine meds, some chemotherapeutic drugs, some over-the-counter cold medications and narcotics…drugs that cause vasoconstriction.
  • There are also some medications that may help with severe Raynaud’s, but are usually not required (see your doctor if you think you might need this kind of prescription)
What if I’m in the middle of an attack?
  • I find that warming the area is the most important first step. Try to place the hand or foot in a warm area (under your arm, knee, sit on them, whatever it takes!) I usually will try to massage the area to get the blood flowing again, which will eventually help it warm and improve. If it’s really severe, you might want to submerge the area in warm (not hot) water to rewarm the area. If the water is too hot, it will really hurt (think freezing cold hands in the snow then straight to hot water…not pleasant). If you can’t get the area to refill with blood after warming, it’s best to go to a doctor to make sure that you don’t run the risk of developing necrosis in the area, although that is rare.
Do any of you have any other tips that you have found helpful for Raynaud's?  I'd love to hear your stories.

    7 comments:

    Claire Martin - Owner said...

    I have Raynauds and POTS and well (which is why I'm being tested for possible autoimmune causes for my POTS), and the Beta Blockers increased my Raynauds 10 fold! I would touch a cold soda can and my fingers would turn white immediately, it was very painful.
    I used those little hand warmers in my gloves and socks, which worked well at keeping warm. Also wearing mittens instead of gloves - the heat from my other fingers helped as well.
    Thanks for the great post!

    Lauren Butare-Smith, DVM said...

    I absolutely know how you feel about touching cold things. When I have ice cream or anything cold, I have to bundle up in a blanket for hours, especially fingers and toes! I'll have to try mittens some time too because I've only used gloves so far. Thanks for the idea!

    Mom said...

    Thank you for this blog. My daughter has been diagnosed with POTS just a few months ago and today she called me from school saying her hands were blue. Does anyone know if this will go away if her POTS goes away?

    Lauren Butare-Smith, DVM said...

    I'm not sure that it will go away if her pots improves, but it should be less severe, especially if she is on beta blockers. If she is on a beta blocker, that can definitely increase the severity of raynauds, so if her pots improves enough to get off of them, that may help. Until then, she may want to keep mittens or gloves and hand warmers with her in case it happens again.

    Mom said...

    Thanks. We are fortunate not to be using any medication to control the POTS so now I am really glad we tried non-pharmaceutical routes first.

    Jessica Schumaker said...

    Hello, I was in the third grade with I developed Raynaud's also already having POTS something. And easy but in most cases helpful for reducing issues with POTS is increases the salt intake in her diet also staying rested. I live in Wisconsin so staying warm can be a problem at times. The easiest thing I found when raynaud's hit's is running that body part under warm water. In most cases POTS does go away, it did for me. Raynaud's doesn't go away, however in my cases it has not worsed. There is two types of raynaud's primary and secondary. It's important to talk to you doctor about it. I hope everyone the best of luck.

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